TB in elephants is a serious, chronic, debilitating disease and is most often caused by M. tuberculosis, the human strain. TB can be transmitted from human to elephants, elephants to elephants, and elephants to humans.
ECI’s Nepal Elephant Healthcare and TB Surveillance Program produced the first Elephant TB Guidelines in Asia and were approved by Nepal’s Ministry of Forestry. ECI works with DNPWC, the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, and the National Trust for Nature Conservation (NTNC) in Nepal and numerous colleagues in the U.S. with TB expertise.
ECI has an MoU (Memorandum of Agreement) with NTNC and we helped establish and equip a small laboratory at their Biodiversity Center in Sauraha near Chitwan National Park. The TB program has employed four Nepali veterinarians and has afforded them opportunities to pursue master degrees with the knowledge they have gained. Two of our veterinarians were accepted into advanced study programs in Japan. Dr. Sarad Paudel completed his PhD and is now an associate professor at Hokkaido University; Dr. Jeewan Thapa will complete his PhD work there soon.
The knowledge we have gained about TB in elephants has been shared at numerous professional meetings. To date over 10 scientific articles and book chapters have been published as a result of this work in Nepal.
In addition to TB work, we have conducted several health camps for government and privately-owned elephants. These camps included physical examinations, footwork, parasite examinations, bloodwork and the administration of worming medications. One year when rabies threatened the village, we organized and funded a vaccination campaign and vaccinated 210 local dogs and cats.
We gratefully acknowledge the donors who have supported our work in Nepal and also the USFWS Asian Elephant Conservation Fund which awarded ECI three consecutive grants.
Our work is on-going in Nepal so please consider a contribution. Donate here!